- The Second Crusade (1147-1149) was launched in response to the fall of Edessa (q.v.) to Zangi in 1146. The threat to Constantinople (q.v.) posed by the First Crusade (q.v.) was renewed during this Crusade, as the armies of Conrad III and Louis VII (qq.v.) passed through the city in 1147. Manuel I viewed the approaching armies with justifiable apprehension. Conrad's army committed acts of violence at Adrianople (q.v.) and outside the walls of Constantinople. Odo of Deuil (q.v.) reports that some in Louis VII's army called for an attack on Constantinople. Manuel I (q.v.) was forced to remain in Constantinople in order to protect the city. He tried to persuade Louis VII to join him in an alliance against Roger II of Sicily (q.v.). This attempt not only failed but Roger II used Manuel I's preoccupation with the Crusade to occupy Kerkyra (q.v.) and to attack Corinth and Thebes (qq.v.) in 1147. As soon as the Second Crusade was on its way, Manuel I opened hostilities against Roger II, regaining Kerkyra (q.v.) in 1149. Thus, the Second Crusade was as fraught with danger for Byzantium (q.v.) as the First Crusade had been.
Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . John H. Rosser .
Look at other dictionaries:
Second Crusade — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Second Crusade partof=the Crusades caption=The fall of Edessa, seen here on the right of this map (c.1140), was the proximate cause of the Second Crusade. date=1147 1149 place=Iberia, Near East (Anatolia, Levant … Wikipedia
Second Crusade — noun a Crusade from 1145 to 1147 that failed because of internal disagreements among the crusaders and led to the loss of Jerusalem in 1187 • Instance Hypernyms: ↑Crusade … Useful english dictionary
Second War — may refer to:* World War II (1939 1945)Other wars* Second Sacred War (449 448 BC) * Second Samnite War (326 304 BC), part of the Samnite Wars * Second Punic War (218 202 BC) * Second Macedonian War (200 196 BC) * Second Servile War (104 103 BC) * … Wikipedia
Crusade song — A Crusade song (Occitan: canson de crozada, Catalan: cançó de croada, German: Kreuzlied) is any vernacular lyric poem about the Crusades. Crusade songs were popular in the High Middle Ages: 106 survive in Occitan, forty in Old French, thirty in… … Wikipedia
Crusade — The series of holy wars launched by the Christian states against the Saracens starting in 1095 when Pope Claremont preached the First Crusade at the Council of Claremont. The object of the crusades was at first to release the Holy Land, in… … Medieval glossary
Crusade of 1101 — Part of the Crusades … Wikipedia
Crusade of 1197 — Part of the Crusades Date 1197 1198 Location the Levant Result Crusader victories followed by hasty … Wikipedia
Second Swedish Crusade — was a semi historical Swedish military expedition to Finland by Birger jarl in the 13th century. As a result of the crusade, Finland became permanently part of Sweden for the next 550 years.Year of the crusadeAccording to Eric s Chronicle from… … Wikipedia
Crusade of Varna — Date October 1443 November 1444 Location Balkans Result Ottoman victory Belli … Wikipedia
Crusade of the Pastoureaux — Crusade of the Pastoureaux † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Crusade of the Pastoureaux One of the most curious of the popular movements inspired by a desire to deliver the Holy Land. St. Louis, King of France, had gone on the Crusade (1248) … Catholic encyclopedia